Through all the changes and the hurried pace of modern industry the same product is still being produced for customers who prefer the superior holding power and durability of this time-tested nail.For almost 200 years, the company has achieved a reputation for skilled nail cutting that has made its product readily saleable throughout the markets of the world.
The present nail factory of Tremont, has about 60 nail machines and was completed in 1848. But continued until the outbreak of World War I. The Birmingham industry expanded in the following decades, and reached its greatest extent in the 1860s, after which it declined due to competition from wire nails, The process was designed to cut nails from sheets of iron, while making sure that the fibres of the iron ran down the nails. The cut-nail process was patented in America by Jacob Perkins in 1795 and in England by Joseph Dyer, who set up machinery in Birmingham.
Though still used for historical renovations, and for heavy-duty applications, such as attaching boards to masonry walls, cut nails are much less common today than wire nails. Cut nails were one of the important factors in the increase in balloon framing beginning in the 1830s and thus the decline of timber framing with wooden joints.
These nails were known as cut nails or square nails because of their roughly rectangular cross section. In Sweden in the early 1700s Christopher Polhem produced a nail cutting machine as part of his automated factory.